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YYYY

Étienne Vallette d'Osia tweeted about a surprising behavior lurking in SimpleDateFormat:

If you use SimpleDateFormat and “YYYY” for years (not “yyyy”), your code currently returns 2015 instead of 2014. Enjoy! (no pb w/ jodatime)

He's right.

SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MMM-YYYY");

Calendar day1 = new GregorianCalendar(2014, Calendar.DECEMBER, 28);  
System.out.println(format.format(day1.getTime()));

Calendar day2 = new GregorianCalendar(2014, Calendar.DECEMBER, 29);  
System.out.println(format.format(day2.getTime()));  

That code prints:

27-Dec-2014  
28-Dec-2015  

Looks like Twitter for Android probably suffered this bug, and signed out all of its Android users.

This is working as intended! From the SimpleDateFormat docs:

Week Of Year and Week Year

Values calculated for the WEEK_OF_YEAR field range from 1 to 53. The first week of a calendar year is the earliest seven day period starting on getFirstDayOfWeek() that contains at least getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek() days from that year.

For example, January 1, 1998 is a Thursday. If getFirstDayOfWeek() is MONDAY and getMinimalDaysInFirstWeek() is 4 (ISO 8601 standard compatible setting), then week 1 of 1998 starts on December 29, 1997, and ends on January 4, 1998.

Yikes.